Monthly Archives: September 2014

Going underground

Looking at the various resources we have about London Underground is a good way of demonstrating the different ways Special Collections can be approached.

DSC00417 - CopyMaybe you’re interested in secondary sources on the history of transport in London, or the Underground, or one particular part of it? For that The East London Line and the Thames Tunnel: a brief history could be the pamphlet for you. Don’t forget that we have related primary sources, such as a diorama of the Thames Tunnel (currently on display in the Eastern Gateway Building) and some personal letters from Gilbert Blount, who worked on the building of the Tunnel. Many of the maps of the London area in Special Collections feature the lines of the Underground too.



Or perhaps you’re looking for more information about construction and engineering techniques? DSC00418 - CopyCassell’s Railways of the World (1924) includes details on the invention of the Greathead Shield, which made construction of the deep level tunnels possible. It is still known as the Tube because of the circular nature of those tunnels. Our home railways has a feature on the history and use of electricity on the Metropolitan line (the oldest tube line and the first underground railway in the world). How the Underground works is a small book containing a lot of information about the basics of operation, including construction, track, signalling, power supply, staff and stations. As part of the Channel Tunnel Association Archive, we also have advertising from tunnelling and construction companies.

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If politics is more your thing, then the pamphlet Funding London Underground: financial myths and economic realities (2000) published by a campaign on behalf of the London Underground Unions, is worth looking at. Or primary sources, such as a Bill for purchase of land in Camden and Islington around King’s Cross station.

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These aren’t the only approaches you could explore. We haven’t discussed creative writing  here, as we already have several blog posts about creative writing using Special Collections.

More information about using Special Collections for your dissertation research is also available.

Bill Griffiths (1948-2007) was a Renaissance man. He would probably have identified himself chiefly as a poet, and certainly the production of poetry and writing was the result of almost everything he did and learnt. Nevertheless, he was also an academic, a small press publisher, a local historian, a linguist and a scholar of English dialect. Griffiths was moreover a voice for the outsider in society; self-exiled in the North, he became an advocate for prisoners, an organiser against council schemes and an unearther of things on the edges of mainstream culture. His archive, housed in the Special Collections of Brunel University Library, showcases this diversity, containing hundreds of examples of his work and correspondence, along with the sources, research notes and labour behind them.

Self portrait Bill Griffiths

Gisli's Saga Cover - Bill Griffiths

Bill Griffiths appeared on the London poetry scene in the early 70’s. He became visible through his performance work with the sound poets Bob Cobbing and Paula Claire as part of the trio Koncrete Canticle and he began publishing his articles and verse in poetry magazines. Behind him was a degree in History from UCL, and medieval history and culture continued to fascinate him throughout his career. The earliest identified work in the archive is an adaption of the Icelandic saga Gisli’s Saga written in collaboration with John Porter and published in 1974 and the last a re-issue of his Beowulf translation in 2004.

It was also at this time he had a brief flirtation with the world of biking and Hells Angels, riding occasionally with the Harrow chapter. He seemed able to easily combine his diverse interests, and he wrote verse on his experiences with the Harrow bikers while also taking on a day job in the print room of the Poetry Society, producing poetry booklets with his tattooed hands.

Bikers- Bill Griffiths + John Muckle

The skills Griffiths learnt in the print room allowed him to set up his own small press, the Pirate Press, where he wrote and hand produced hundreds of poetry booklets and chapbooks as well as publishing other poets. As a small press publisher he was able to be part of every stage of the production process. The many examples of work in the collection display his experiments with layout and design.


Small Presses Booklet Contents 2 - Bill Griffiths

Perhaps it was the rebel in him that wanted to have control of his own creations, but it is also probably a reflection on the nature of the poetry he produced. It is often highly visual and playful in construction, illustrated by hand or with images made specifically for him by friends, which reflect the contents of the text. There are several instances of this in the early folders of the archives, for example the Found Sea Texts contains lines lifted from Jane Austen’s Persuasion and planted in deliberate juxtapositions on the page.

Found Sea Text by Bill Griffiths - Selection of PagesStamped poem 2 - Bill Griffiths

The Pirate Press was regenerated as Amra Imprint in the 80’s. While Griffiths’s production became more sophisticated in later years, and he found other publishers to work with, he never gave up on the poetry pamphlet as a quick and direct way of disseminating his work.

While some of the work produced for and by Griffiths was simple in design, maybe only a few sheets of text stapled together, many of his books have a high degree of craftsmanship and beauty, particularly his work with collaborators Tern Press and Woodcraft Press. The editions produced by these publishers are often hand bound and highly illustrated.

Battle of Maldon - Bill Griffiths

Griffiths often worked in close collaboration with other friends, writing introductions to their works, using their illustrations or co-writing. His many letters show a man always curious; consulting on ideas, questing for opinions, part of a community of interested minds. He was in communication with a number of other poets, academics, publishers and friends who all relied upon each other for support and recommendations for work. Within the collection are works published or given to Bill by Clive Fencott, Geraldine Monk, Eric Mottram, Jeff Nuttall, Iain Sinclair, M J Weller, Bob Clark, Barry MacSweeney, Bob Cobbing and others.Split Cities - Bob Clark artwork

One thing indicated by the archive is a fascination with language, principally Old English, but also with Latin, Old Norse, and Welsh. Griffiths went on in the late eighties to complete a PhD in Old English at Kings College, London. Much of the source material in the collection relates to the painstaking dissection of Old English, its syntax, vocabulary, grammar in order to fully understand the several texts he translated. The poet within also inspired him to go beyond direct translations, often to offer new versions or mediate the text through glossaries, introductions and notes.


A User-Friendly Dictionary of English- Bill Griffiths

This fascination was not just with old languages, it also extended to Northern dialect. Griffiths was the author of several dictionaries and vocabulary lists for North East England vernacular. Dialect found its way into his poetry and prose too, a number of the pamphlets and verses are written in Northern patois.

revising prison-bill griffiths

One of the key relationships in Bill Griffiths’s life was with the several prisoners he wrote to. He began communicating with a number of prisoners after encountering a stall with prison literature which motivated him to write and support them. Chief amongst them was the prisoner Ray Gilbert, who served time in a series of English prisons from the sixties, while protesting his innocence for a murder sentence. There are hundreds of letters in the collection that document these exchanges, focusing on the period 1996-2004, which reveal many of the daily details of prison life. Bill Griffiths additionally campaigned to improve conditions in prisons and the appeals process. Various folders in the archive contain letters that deal with his attempts to address Gilbert’s and others situation, as well as the short tracts and essays he published on the subject.

The Coast of Durham - Bill Griffiths

He took this campaigning energy in other directions too. Griffiths moved up to Seaham in Durham in the late eighties and seemed to be stimulated by the local landscape and culture. Many of the items in the collection are investigations into the local history, geology and folklore of the area. He also became active in groups who were protesting against proposed council changes to the Seaham harbour area, for which he wrote several letter campaigns and published essays that can be found in the collection.

Illustration from The Epic of Gilgamesh - Bill Griffiths

The extensive Bill Griffiths Archive covers the period 1972 – 2004 and includes hundreds of original pamphlets and booklets as well as supplementary correspondence and research. To find out more about the collection and the man go to the Special Collections webpage for our opening hours and access requirements and visit Archives Hub for a full description of the archive.